Holger Byrenheid (2011)

Myriophyllum aquaticum var. santacatarinense

Santa Catarina milfoil

Aquarium suitability: yes
Usage: Background, Midground, Street (Dutch style)
Difficulty: very easy
Growth: very fast
See also: Myriophyllum aquaticum "Green" , Myriophyllum aquaticum ("Normalform")
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Range and localities: 

Santa Catarina (southern Brazil), Rio Canoas near Ponte Alta do Sul

Availability [?]: 
  • rarely or not available commercially
  • occasionally available from other aquarists

Common names: 
  • Santa Catarina milfoil

  • Myriophyllum aquaticum 'Santa Catarina'

Habit, plant type:

  • stem
Botanical name [?]: Myriophýllum aquáticum (Vellozo) Verdcourt var. santacatarinénse Kasselmann

Major group (unranked): Seed plants: Flowering plants (Angiosperms)
Order: Saxifragales
Family: Haloragaceae
Genus: Myriophyllum


This milfoil is a local form of Myriophyllum aquaticum from the state Santa Catarina in southeastern Brazil. This plant has lower demands on cultivation than the "standard form" of M. aquaticum and also differs in its appearance: the leaves have less pinna and a lighter green colour, and under lots of light they may assume a reddish-brown hue. Moreover, the milfoil from Santa Catarina will not grow out of the water as frequently. Its growth habit reminds of that of Myriophyllum mattogrossense.
The emersed sprouts are distinctly smaller than those of the "standard form".

Myriophyllum aquaticum 'Santa Catarina' is a new plant and apparently not easily availabe in trade but rather from other hobbyists.

References and further reading:
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