Syngonanthus cf. inundatus

Aquarium suitability: yes
Usage: Midground
Difficulty: very difficult
Growth: medium
Range and localities: 


  • Syngonanthus sp. 'Manaus'

Habit, plant type:

  • stem
Major group (unranked): Seed plants: Flowering plants (Angiosperms)
Order: Poales
Family: Eriocaulaceae
Genus: Syngonanthus


This plant was introduced to the hobby as Tonina sp. 'Manaus', and in trade it is still sometimes found under that term. Cavan Allen found out that it truly belongs to the genus Syngonanthus. Christel Kasselmann compared plant samples to the isotype of Syngonanthus inundatus and found out that S. sp. 'Manaus' probably belongs to this species. There was no inflorescence, though, and thus the plant could not be identified safely. For this reason, a "cf." was added in front of the species name.

To be continued...

Light high 
Temperature tolerance 18 to 29 °C
Optimum temperature 18 to 29 °C
Carbonate hardness 0 to 8 °dKH
pH value 4 to 7 
Carbon dioxide (CO2) 20 to 40 mg/l
Nitrate (NO3-) 10 to 50 mg/l
Phosphate (PO43-) 0.1 to 3 mg/l
Potassium (K+) 5 to 30 mg/l
Iron (Fe) 0.01 to 0.5 mg/l

Growth: medium

Propagation: Cuttings

Can grow emersed?: yes

Suited for outdoor cultivation / ponds: unknown

Winter hardiness: not hardy in Germany

There is no detailled information for cultivating this plant yet.
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Wasserpflanzen sind ein fester Bestandteil der meisten Aquarien. Beim Aquascaping, dem Naturaquarium, Biotop-Aquarium oder dem Gesellschaftsaquarium sind Wasserpflanzen nicht nur für die Wasserqualität entscheidend, sondern sorgen auch stets für eine optische Aufwertung des Aquariums.