Habit, plant type:
- free-floating (surface)
Botanical name [?]: Stratiotes aloídes
© Heiko Muth (2009)
Major group (unranked):
Seed plants: Flowering plants (Angiosperms)
Stratiotes aloides, water soldier or water pineapple, is distributed in Europe and Central Asia, where it lives mainly in nutrient-rich warm lowland waters that have a tendency to silt up, like e.g. oxbow lakes in flood plains. It is a large rosulate plant with rigid leaves whose margin has sharp spikes. It hibernates submersed on the ground of the waterbody, and in spring, when the water gets warmer again, it rises to the surface. During summer, some of its leaves grow above the waterline, whereas the long roots often reach the ground in shallow water, where they anchor the plant in the mud. In some places, this plant occurs in large numbers and sometimes covers the entire water surface. However, there are other regions in Europe where it is endangered.
S. aloides is the only recent representative of its genus, however, several million years ago, in the Tertiary period, some more Stratiotes species existed.
Water soldier is better-known as pond plant, however, it can also be cultivated in tropical tanks.
To be continued...
This plant is a part of the following tanks:
There are no further design information for this plant yet.
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||medium to high
||4 to 30 °C
||4 to 30 °C
||0 to 14 °dKH
||5 to 7.5
|Carbon dioxide (CO2)
||10 to 40 mg/l
||10 to 50 mg/l
||0.1 to 3 mg/l
||5 to 30 mg/l
||0.01 to 0.5 mg/l
Runners Can grow emersed?:
Suited for outdoor cultivation / ponds:
hardy in Germany
There is no detailled information for cultivating this plant yet.
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