Eleocharis sp. "Xingu"

Aquarium suitability: yes
Usage: Semi-emersed plant for open tanks, Background, Midground
Difficulty: medium
Growth: medium
Height: 30 - 55 cm

Availability [?]: 
  • occasionally available commercially
  • occasionally available from other aquarists

Trader names [?]: 
  • Heleocharis xingu

Habit, plant type:

  • rhizome or creeping stem
Major group (unranked): Seed plants: Flowering plants (Angiosperms)
Order: Poales
Family: Cyperaceae
Genus: Eleocharis


The exact species of "Giant Hairgrass" has not been identified yet. This plant was brought onto the market in Germany in the 1990s as "Heleocharis xingu". At the moment, only very few aquatic plant nurseries and dealers carry it, which makes it pretty much of a rarity. Its trade name suggests that it was collected somewhere around Rio Xingú in Brazil, however, there is no reliable information as to its exact origins. It might be identical with the aquarium known as Eleocharis montevidensis in the USA.

The light to medium green smooth blades of Eleocharis sp. "Xingú" grow to a length of over 20 cm in the emersed form, and submersed they can get over 50 (-60) cm long. They are around 1 millimetre wide, their cross section is oval flattened. Other than tall hairgrass (E. vivipara), E. sp. "Xingú" does not form plantlets on the blade tips. At the end of emersed or semi-emersed blades, longish-ovate, acuminate, light green or greenish-brown ears that are around 5 x 2.5 mm in size.

Eleocharis sp. "Xingú" may be overall considerably larger than standard hairgrass (E. acicularis), but its growth habit is the same. It develops blades growing in tufts as well as subterranean runner-like rhizomes with indivudual blades forming on each node.
Good growth can be achieved with intensive light, CO2 injection, a substrate rich in nutrients and soft water. However, little is known about other conditions this plant can tolerate. Newly planted E. sp. "Xingú" formerly kept emersed might need quite some time to adapt to the new conditions in the aquarium and to begin growing again.

This hairgrass is an interesting aquascaping plant, as it grows high but has relatively fine blades and a grasslike appearance. In high tanks it may be a stronger-looking alternative to E. vivipara, especially if the overall tank design is disturbed by the formation of plantlets on the tips of the blades. Individual younger E. sp. "Xingú" add an elegant look, whereas larger groups in the background of a tank or in a corner may remind the onlooker of reeds at the water's edge or of flooded grassland. Young, newly sprouting blades are of a lighter green than older ones and thus stress the natural aspect of this hairgrass.
Its blades tend to grow over the waterline even in high tanks. When allowed to do that they often develop a bend and float on the waterline. This can be a problem during waterchange, as they do so easily.

Emersed cultivation is rather easy in wet, nutrient-rich substrates and under lots of light. Eleocharis sp. "Xingú" can also be cultivated outdoors during the warm season, where it forms dense, spreading tufts. This hairgrass easily self-propagates by seed. The tiny black nutlets spread when the ripe ears on the blade tips disintegrate. They can be collected for sowing beforehand, however.

Light medium to high 
Temperature tolerance 15 to 30 °C
Optimum temperature 20 to 25 °C
Carbonate hardness 0 to 14 °dKH
pH value 5 to 7 
Carbon dioxide (CO2) 20 to 40 mg/l
Nitrate (NO3-) 10 to 50 mg/l
Phosphate (PO43-) 0.1 to 3 mg/l
Potassium (K+) 5 to 30 mg/l
Iron (Fe) 0.01 to 0.5 mg/l

Growth: medium

Propagation: Runners, Seeds, Splitting, cutting off daughter plants

Can grow emersed?: yes

Suited for outdoor cultivation / ponds: yes

Winter hardiness: unknown

There is no detailled information for cultivating this plant yet.
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Wasserpflanzen sind ein fester Bestandteil der meisten Aquarien. Beim Aquascaping, dem Naturaquarium, Biotop-Aquarium oder dem Gesellschaftsaquarium sind Wasserpflanzen nicht nur für die Wasserqualität entscheidend, sondern sorgen auch stets für eine optische Aufwertung des Aquariums.