Bolbitis sp. "Sungai Kabo"

Aquarium suitability: yes
Usage: Epiphyte (growing on hardscape), Midground, Foreground, group
Difficulty: medium
Growth: slow
Range and localities: 

Fluss Sungai Kabo, Sarawak (Malaysia)

Availability [?]: 
  • rarely or not available commercially

Habit, plant type:

  • rhizome or creeping stem
  • epiphyte or epilith
  • fern
There are no images in this gallery.
Major group (unranked): Ferns (Monilophytes)
Order: Polypodiales
Family: Dryopteridaceae
Genus: Bolbitis


This fern was imported from Sarawak (Malaysian part of Borneo). The name affix refers to the place where it was collected, i.e. Sungai Kabo river. It is probably a rheophytic form (adapted to flowing water) of Bolbitis heteroclita. It has narrow lanceolate to lineal medium to dark green leaves on stalks that grow out of a creeping rhizome. On the leaf blade basis, there is often a short obtuse lobe on each side. Bolbitis sp. "Sungai Kabo" resembles narrow-leaved forms of Java fern (Microsorum pteropus). Up to now, the plant is only cultivated by a few hobbyists and is not available in trade.

The habitat (Sungai Kabo) was a fast-flowing rainforest river with rocky underground. The fern was growing mostly in emersed groups on rocky ridges along the median waterline.

Bolbitis sp. "Sungai Kabo" can easily be cultivated emersed on moist substrate in very humid air. This fern also grows quite fast when cultivated submersed, comparable to Bolbitis heteroclita "cuspidata". Whereas the emersed leaves are opaque and of a matte medium green, the submersed leaves are dark green and a little translucent. Sometimes the submersed leaves develop dark spots, most frequently under strong light. Under low light and a good level of CO2 it grows healthy leaves.

- To be continued -

Light low to high 
Temperature tolerance 18 to 28 °C
Optimum temperature 23 to 28 °C
Carbonate hardness 0 to 14 °dKH
pH value 5 to 7.5 
Carbon dioxide (CO2) 15 to 40 mg/l
Nitrate (NO3-) 10 to 50 mg/l
Phosphate (PO43-) 0.1 to 3 mg/l
Potassium (K+) 5 to 30 mg/l
Iron (Fe) 0.01 to 0.5 mg/l

Growth: slow

Propagation: Proliferating leaves, Rhizomteilung, Splitting, cutting off daughter plants

Can grow emersed?: yes

Suited for outdoor cultivation / ponds: unknown

Winter hardiness: not hardy in Germany

There is no detailled information for cultivating this plant yet.
There are no further design information for this plant yet.
There are no images in this gallery.
This plant is not on a stocklist at this moment.
This plant is a part of the following tanks:
You can embed this entry directly into another web site or forum. Just copy and paste the following code:

Embed as HTML code

<a href="" target="_blank"><img alt="Bolbitis sp. &quot;Sungai Kabo&quot;" title="Bolbitis sp. &quot;Sungai Kabo&quot;" src="" /></a>

Embed as BB code


Embed in Flogrow Forum

[widget=aquaticplants/bolbitis-sp-sungai-kabo]Bolbitis sp. "Sungai Kabo"[/widget]


There are no reviews so far. Do you want to write the first one?

Wasserpflanzen sind ein fester Bestandteil der meisten Aquarien. Beim Aquascaping, dem Naturaquarium, Biotop-Aquarium oder dem Gesellschaftsaquarium sind Wasserpflanzen nicht nur für die Wasserqualität entscheidend, sondern sorgen auch stets für eine optische Aufwertung des Aquariums.