Heiko Muth (2012)

Bolbitis heteroclita "cuspidata"

Aquarium suitability: yes
Usage: Epiphyte (growing on hardscape), Midground, Nano tanks, Foreground, group
Difficulty: medium
Growth: slow
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Range and localities: 

Philippines: Luzon, Lamao River

Availability [?]: 
  • rarely or not available commercially
  • rarely or not available from other aquarists

  • Bolbitis cuspidata (Presl) Ching

Habit, plant type:

  • rhizome or creeping stem
  • epiphyte or epilith
  • fern
Botanical name [?]: Bolbítis heteroclíta (C. Presl) Ching

Major group (unranked): Ferns (Monilophytes)
Order: Polypodiales
Family: Dryopteridaceae
Genus: Bolbitis


This fern was originally collected on Lamao river on the Philippine island Luzon. First it was described as species in its own right (Bolbitis cuspidata), however, nowadays it is considered to be a dwarf variety of the extremely variable species Bolbitis heteroclita, which is widely distributed in the Asian tropics and subtropics. Large-growing forms of B. heteroclita have long been offered in the aquarium trade, however, they are not suitable for aquaria. In contrast to them, B. heteroclita "cuspidata", which has been in horticulture for many years, has proven to be a very suitable aquarium plant.

To be continued...

References and further reading:
  1. Kasselmann, C. (2009): Bolbitis heteroclita "cuspidata" und B. heteroclita "difformis". Zwei neue Farne für die Aquaristik. - D. Aqua. u. Terr. Z. (Datz) 12/2009: 46-50.
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