Anubias barteri var. caladiifolia

Aquarium suitability: yes
Usage: Epiphyte (growing on hardscape), Cichlid proof plant, Background, Midground
Difficulty: easy
Growth: slow
Range and localities: 

Cameroon, Southeastern Nigeria

Height: 10 - 40 cm
Width: 10 - 40 cm

Habit, plant type:

  • rhizome or creeping stem
  • epiphyte or epilith
Botanical name [?]: Anúbias bárteri var. caladiifólia Engler

Major group (unranked): Seed plants: Flowering plants (Angiosperms)
Order: Alismatales
Family: Araceae
Genus: Anubias


Anubias barteri var. caladiifolia is the largest variety of the species Anubias barteri. It is found in several countries in West Africa, and similar to other varieties of A. barteri, it forms vast populations on the banks and in shallow-water zones of rapidly-flowing rivers and rivulets as well as as waterfalls in tropical rainforests. The plants are either rooted in the ground or grow attached to rocks, in sunny to shaded locations.

The leaf blades of this variety grow to a length of up to 24 cm, narrow to wide ovate, and in older plants they develop a distinctly heart-shaped basis. The leaf stalks can grow over 40 cm long, the leaf margin is smooth or slightly undulate.

Several different forms of var. caladiifolia are in cultivation. In trade you can e.g. find a plant with wide heart-shaped leaves that is carried under the name A. barteri var. caladiifolia "1705" (these numbers are used by an Australian in vitro lab).

- To be continued -

References and further reading:
Light low to high 
Temperature tolerance 12 to 30 °C
Optimum temperature 22 to 26 °C
Carbonate hardness 0 to 15 °dKH
pH value 5 to 8 
Carbon dioxide (CO2) 5 to 40 mg/l
Nitrate (NO3-) 10 to 50 mg/l
Phosphate (PO43-) 0.1 to 3 mg/l
Potassium (K+) 5 to 30 mg/l
Iron (Fe) 0.01 to 0.5 mg/l

Growth: slow

Propagation: Rhizomteilung, Splitting, cutting off daughter plants

Can grow emersed?: yes

Suited for outdoor cultivation / ponds: no

Winter hardiness: not hardy in Germany

References and further reading:
light green
medium green
dark green

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Wasserpflanzen sind ein fester Bestandteil der meisten Aquarien. Beim Aquascaping, dem Naturaquarium, Biotop-Aquarium oder dem Gesellschaftsaquarium sind Wasserpflanzen nicht nur für die Wasserqualität entscheidend, sondern sorgen auch stets für eine optische Aufwertung des Aquariums.