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Fontinalis antipyretica

°C
°dKH
Aquarium suitability: yes
Usage: Epiphyte (growing on hardscape), Plant for spawning, Nano tanks
Difficulty: medium
Growth: medium

Habit, plant type:

  • epiphyte or epilith
  • moss / liverwort or fern prothallium
Botanical name [?]: Fontinális antipyrética Hedw.

Major group (unranked): Mosses (Bryophyta)
Order: Hypnales
Family: Fontinalaceae
Genus: Fontinalis

Description: 

Fontinalis antipyretica, or willow moss, is most widely spread in the northern hemisphere. It is a true aquatic moss and can be found in many flowing and stagnant waterbodies.

F. antipyretica is a very variable moss. On the one hand, its look depends a lot on the conditions it grows in, on the other hand, there are various forms that maintain their differences even if cultivated under the same conditions. Several varieties have been described, e.g. the large-growing form F. antipyretica var. gigantea. Sometimes, F. antipyretica is hard to discern from other, far more uncommon Fontinalis species like F. hypnoides or F. howellii.

Willow moss is the most well-known aquatic moss native to Europe, and it has found its way into aquarium literature, too. However, often other aquatic mosses found in nature, like the very common Leptodictyum riparium, are confused with Fontinalis antipyretica.

To be continued...

Light low to high 
Temperature tolerance 4 to 26 °C
Optimum temperature 10 to 22 °C
Carbonate hardness 0 to 15 °dKH
pH value 5 to 7.5 
Carbon dioxide (CO2) 15 to 40 mg/l
Nitrate (NO3-) 10 to 50 mg/l
Phosphate (PO43-) 0.1 to 3 mg/l
Potassium (K+) 5 to 30 mg/l
Iron (Fe) 0.01 to 0.5 mg/l

Growth: medium

Propagation: Splitting, cutting off daughter plants

Can grow emersed?: unknown

Suited for outdoor cultivation / ponds: yes

Winter hardiness: hardy in Germany

There is no detailled information for cultivating this plant yet.
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Wasserpflanzen sind ein fester Bestandteil der meisten Aquarien. Beim Aquascaping, dem Naturaquarium, Biotop-Aquarium oder dem Gesellschaftsaquarium sind Wasserpflanzen nicht nur für die Wasserqualität entscheidend, sondern sorgen auch stets für eine optische Aufwertung des Aquariums.